Our skin is colonised by microorganisms, bacteria, fungi and viruses, sometimes even mites. All together, they form the so-called skin microbiome and are essential for our health.
At the same time, the composition of our microbiome is as individual as a fingerprint. And it affects not only our skin health, but overall our wellbeing and possibly also our behaviour.
Genomic research successfully completed
In 2003, the National Institute of Health (NIH) declared that research on the human genome project was successfully completed after 13 years. We recall that we wanted to sequence the entire human genome in order to recognise hereditary diseases and to attribute other human traits (such as race) to their DNA. However, we humans are very similar in our genetic makeup. The small changes in the DNA are not responsible for the huge variations of the phenotype.1-4 All this led to the investigation of a much larger biome - the human microbiome.
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